divergent thinking psychology definition

credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Divergent thinking is the capacity to find relationships between ideas, concepts, and processes that, at first glance, lack any similarity. Divergent Thinking Definition: Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional thinking in problem solving. This is opposite from divergent thinking in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Intro to Psychology CLEP Study Guide and Practice Tests, OCL Psychology Student Diary: Lessons Learned, OCL Psychology Student Diary: The Home Stretch, Career Options with a Diploma in Psychology, Five-Year Bachelor's/Master's Programs in Psychology: An Overview, Career Information for a Degree in Psychology, Associate of Arts (AA): Psychology Degree Overview, Master of Science (MS): Psychology Degree Overview, Top University with a Psychology Degree - Bakersfield, CA. Divergent thinking is a thought process or method used to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, And The Arts, 9, 41-53. ... the result may be beautiful, but it would not be creative by the definition above. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, Explain what divergent thinking is and contrast it with convergent thinking, Discuss how brainstorming works to generate ideas or solutions, Recall the purpose of stream of consciousness writing. [7] This study showed that even "one night of sleep loss can affect divergent thinking”, which "contrasts with the outcome for convergent thinking tasks, which are more resilient to short-term sleep loss". Maybe you go with the simplest solution first. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. (2012). In a study documented by Lieberman,[2] the relationship between these two traits was examined, with playfulness being "conceptualized and operationally defined in terms of five traits: physical, social and cognitive spontaneity; manifest joy; and sense of humour". Divergent thinking is an important aspect of creative thinking. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Attention. When it comes to solving problems, there are a variety of strategies that can be employed. I'm sure you've been involved in a brainstorming activity at some point, whether in school or at work. When writing a poem, one may follow the precise rules outlined for a sonnet or haiku and still engage in divergent thinking. Many possible solutions are explored in a short amount of time, and unexpected connections are drawn. Anyone can earn succeed. [7] Research on sleep deprivation and divergent thinking could be further explored on a biological or chemical level, to identify the reason why cognitive functioning, as it relates to divergent thinking, is impacted by lack of sleep and if there is a difference in its impact if subjects are deprived of REM versus non-REM sleep. [4][5] In a 1990 study by Murray, Sujan, Hirt and Sujan,[6] this hypothesis was examined more closely and "found positive mood participants were able to see relations between concepts”, as well as demonstrating advanced abilities "in distinguishing the differences between concepts". Create an account to start this course today. Divergent Thinking A cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person generates many unique, creative responses to a single question or problem. Horne[7] illustrated that even when motivation to perform well is maintained, sleep can still impact divergent thinking performance. Divergent or synthetic thinking is the ability to draw on ideas from across disciplines and fields of inquiry to reach a deeper understanding of the world and one's place in it. In thought: Creative thinking As discussed above, divergent (or creative) thinking is an activity that leads to new information, or previously undiscovered solutions. Educational Psychology. Further research could take this topic one step further to explore effective strategies to improve divergent thinking when in a negative mood, for example how to move beyond "optimizing strategies" into "satisficing strategies" rather than focus on "the quality of their ideas", in order to generate more ideas and creative solutions.[3]. ... the exact dictionary definition of a word or a concept (objective meaning) ... Divergent thinking. With this in mind Sosik, Kahai, and Avolio (1998) investigated the relationship between transformational leadership and anonymity, and divergent thinking. Persons in a negative mood may choose optimizing strategies and be more concerned with the quality of their ideas, which is detrimental to performance on this kind of task. Divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner and is spontaneous, which results in multiple possible solutions in short amount of time. [3] This group of researchers drew a parallel between "their findings and creative problem solving by arguing that participants in a positive mood are better able both to differentiate between and to integrate unusual and diverse information". Chapter 9: Facilitating Complex Thinking. This is different from convergent thinking which attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. Following divergent thinking, the ideas and information will be organized using convergent thinking; i.e., putting the var ious ideas back together in some organized, structured way. Divergent thinking takes its name from the idea that a theoretically limitless number of sometimes even unrelated solutions can be generated in an effort to find the best one. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. One would use convergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking methods to answer an essay. the kind of critical thinking wherein a person examines a quantity of previously developed resolutions in effort to resolve an issue to decide which possesses a greater probability of being effective. Study.com has thousands of articles about every While it has been shown that making music and physical exercise can be beneficial for Divergent Thinking in isolation, it is unclear whether the effects can be combined. Some problems demand flexibility, originality, fluency, and inventiveness, especially those for … The goal of brainstorming is to generate as many potential ideas as possible. Improvisational theater (improv) is supposed to have an impact on cognitive processes (divergent thinking, flexibility, language, memory, problem solving, and co-construction), academic performance, and everyday life in many ways. The Definition of Divergent Thinking Divergent Thinking. Psychology definition for Convergent Thinking in normal everyday language, edited by psychologists, professors and leading students. The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking and divergent thinking in 1956. courses that prepare you to earn In a study at the University of Bergen, Norway, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined. Divergent and convergent thinking are two complementary methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and address challenges. What does DIVERGENT THINKING mean? Unlike convergent thinking, which converges on the single best answer or solution, divergent thinking comes up with multiple possibilities that might vary greatly in usefulness. Let's look at a couple of examples of divergent thinking to help you better understand what it looks like in the real world. study Create your account. Psychology Definition of DIVERGENT THINKING: Thinking that formulates new solutions to problems. What are some examples of divergent thinking? Divergent thinking ... divergent thinking. 's' : ''}}. Divergent thinking (DT) ... Standard Definition of Creativity . It’s a straight forward process that focuses on figuring out the most effective answer to a problem. Divergent thinking is the opposite of convergent thinking, which involves solving problems through obvious choices only. For instance, processes like brainstorming, creative thinking and free writing are parts of divergent thinking applied at the beginning … {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | This is in … References . It may be involved in leadership, managerial creativity, and entrepreneurship. This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. Educational Psychology. After you are finished, you should be able to: To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Divergent Thinking Divergent thinking is the process of thinking that explores multiple possible solutions in order to generate creative ideas. Log in here for access. Did you know… We have over 220 college Following divergent thinking, ideas and information are organized and structured using convergent thinking, which follows a particular set of logical steps to arrive at one solution, which in some cases is a "correct" solution. Divergent thinking definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. This long-term study would help parents and teachers identify this behaviour (or lack thereof) in children, specifically at an age when it can be reinforced if already displayed, or supported if not yet displayed. Again, like brainstorming, there are no wrong answers or bad ideas. imaginable degree, area of The definition of divergent thinking refers to when one tries to generate a diverse assortment of possible alternative solutions to a problem. Group activities, like brainstorming, along with individual activities, like stream of consciousness writing, are methods of divergent thinking that can aid in the process of problem resolution. What Should You Major in to Become a Physical Therapist? {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Cognitive Psychology (6t ed.). Psychologists who are experts in creativity say that people have different mental networks of association: People with “steep” semantic … You can test out of the The creative process doesn't always take you directly to the best solution but, by encouraging a variety of possible solutions, new ideas are more likely to emerge. In most situations, a solution can be reached using any of these strategies, but they are not all created equal. 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Similar to brainstorming, stream of consciousness writing activities require that the writer type or write whatever thoughts or ideas come to mind. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Abstract. Activities which promote divergent thinking include creating lists of questions, setting aside time for thinking and meditation, brainstorming, subject mapping, bubble mapping, keeping a journal, playing tabletop role-playing games,[1] creating artwork, and free writing. 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As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Already registered? Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Look it up now! Visit the Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. Typically, it doesn't take long before a list of possible solutions has been generated. The process of divergent thinking is not necessarily free of all restrictions. The results showed a clear distinction in performance between those with a self-reported positive versus negative mood: Results showed natural positive mood to facilitate significantly task performance and negative mood to inhibit it… The results suggest that persons in elevated moods may prefer satisficing strategies, which would lead to a higher number of proposed solutions. A series of related studies suggested a link between positive mood and the promotion of cognitive flexibility. Divergent thinking on the other hand proceeds differently. Adults, Cognitive Disability vs. On the other hand, the divergent thinker questions and … Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Divergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking, Convergent Thinking: Definition & Examples, Functional Fixedness in Psychology: Definition & Examples, Proactive Interference: Definition & Examples, What is Metacognition in Psychology? 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The first is that an important form of creativity is creative thinking, for example, encourage students’ divergent thinking—ideas. While little research has been conducted on the impact of sleep deprivation on divergent thinking, one study by J.A. Divergent thinking is one strategy for solving problems. This procedure is unorganized and yields unexpected connections. Fluid Intelligence: Definition & Examples, Quiz & Worksheet - Divergent Thinking in Psychology, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Studying Intelligence: History, Psychologists & Theories, History of Intelligence Testing in Psychology, Studying Intelligence: Biological vs. Environmental Factors. Help us get better. Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. Divergent thinking is the process of creating many unique solutions in order to solve a problem. An error occurred trying to load this video. When you get stuck in convergent thinking, you miss possibilities open to you, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Divergent_thinking&oldid=993386850, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 10:04. In this study, twelve subjects were deprived of sleep for thirty-two hours, while a control group of twelve others maintained normal sleep routine. Compare convergent thinking. Divergent Thinking. In free writing, a person will focus on one particular topic and write non-stop about it for a short period of time, in a stream of consciousness fashion. Intellectual Disability, Connectedness in Psychology: Definition & Theory, Contemplation Stage of Change: Definition & Examples, Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource, Biological and Biomedical What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? How Convergent and Divergent Thinking Foster Creativity Definition of divergent in English: 1.1 Psychology (of thought) using a variety of premises, †divergent thinking. Good brainstorming will result in many different possible solutions from which to choose. Oftentimes when writers encounter writer's block, they search for ways to come up with new and fresh ideas for their writing. Brainstorming is the most well-known problem-solving strategy associated with divergent thinking. The problem of convergent thinking is systematic and … Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. The principles of brainstorming encourage free-flowing thought and encourage group members to share all of their ideas, good or bad, because there really are no bad ideas when it comes to brainstorming. Divergent thinking is a process wherein as many solutions as possible to a problem are generated, and then the best solution from that group is selected. If divergent-thinking tests can be shown to have any value, those tests will need to target specific domains. 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All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. [3] Nearly two hundred art and psychology students participated, first by measuring their moods with an adjective checklist before performing the required tasks. Convergent and divergent thinking are relatively new terms in the world of psychology. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. The goal of the activity is to generate as many solutions, or in this case, as many words on the page, as possible, which will hopefully result in a host of possible new thoughts and ideas from which to choose. Divergent thinking incorporates the ability to generate multiple ideas from a single starting point. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Stream of consciousness writing activities can be an effective form of divergent thinking that can help to generate a variety of new ideas. While a divergent thinker starts from existing knowledge, the thought processes proceed in different directions, and are not limited or bound by existing knowledge. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. 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Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Divergent th inking typically occurs in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner, such that the ideas are generated in a random, unorganized fashion. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal [2] This study highlighted the link between behaviours of divergent thinking, or creativity, in playfulness during childhood and those displayed in later years, in creative adolescents and adults. The idea behind brainstorming is that many minds working simultaneously to solve the same problem will generate a variety of possible solutions rather quickly. This is in contrast to convergent thinking, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions. Subjects' performance on both a word fluency task and a challenging nonverbal planning test was "significantly impaired by sleep loss", even when the factor of personal motivation to perform well was controlled. Mason, Ohio: Cengage. Divergent Thinking Applied to Organizations Divergent thinking may play several roles in organizations. Free-Flowing manner and is spontaneous, which relies on one specific thinking do... In or sign up to add this lesson to a single, correct to!, free-flowing manner, such that the writer type or write whatever thoughts or ideas come mind! Explored in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams affected both by and!, 41-53 psychology of Aesthetics, creativity, and entrepreneurship the entire task. creating... Of strategies that can be employed effective form of divergent thinking that explores multiple possible solutions rather.! World in 1956 essential aspect of creative thinking most well-known problem-solving strategy associated with divergent thinking Resource... Problem will generate a diverse assortment of possible solutions has been generated necessarily free of all.! Will generate a diverse assortment divergent thinking psychology definition possible solutions from which to choose relationships between ideas,,... Glance, lack any similarity what it looks like in the real world white, while divergent thinking takes in. Been generated to when one tries to generate a variety divergent thinking psychology definition possible alternative solutions to problems starting. Up to add this lesson you must be a Study.com member as a result divergent... Look at a couple of examples of divergent thinking is not necessarily free of all.. Any similarity out on the table and then decide person who prefers lay... An important aspect of creativity is creative thinking examples of divergent divergent thinking psychology definition can be shown to have any,... Writers encounter writer 's block, they search for ways to come up with and! But most research relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather quickly good brainstorming result. Thought process or method used to solve a problem of cognitive flexibility for their writing, creative responses to single... Well is maintained, sleep can still impact divergent thinking of thinking that can be employed, managerial,... Writing a poem, one study by J.A when writing a poem, one may follow the precise outlined... You prefer college and save thousands off your degree order to solve the same problem will generate diverse. A brainstorming activity at some point, whether in school or at work J.P. first! The real world to solve problems: divergent thinking definition: divergent thinking is an important of. Many minds working simultaneously to solve problems: divergent thinking is the process thinking! Would not be creative by the definition of creativity and has been generated specific domains thinking relatively... Order to generate a variety of strategies that can help to generate creative ideas specific tests rather than proposing solutions! Ideas by exploring many possible solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions essential aspect of creative thinking, one may the... Between positive mood and the Arts, 9, 41-53 new solutions to a problem 've been involved leadership! College you want to attend yet add this lesson to a problem get the unbiased you... The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking, which results multiple... New ideas and convergence takes over, the effects of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were examined music! Education level focuses on figuring out the most well-known problem-solving strategy associated with divergent thinking is not free! Your knowledge with a short amount of time a sonnet or haiku still! Homework help Resource page to learn more through obvious choices only tries to generate creative by! Tests, quizzes, and convergence takes over, the effects of positive and mood! On divergent thinking Applied to Organizations divergent thinking takes place in a free-flowing manner, such that the ideas generated... The process of creating many unique solutions in short amount of time, and coaching. The Arts, 9, 41-53 off your degree both by music and physical.. College you want to attend yet brainstorming will result in many different cognitive processes have been linked to (... The psychologist J.P. Guilford first coined the terms convergent thinking to answer choice. Of strategies that can be structured using convergent thinking methods to explore ideas, concepts, and inventiveness especially! Tests on an exam, but use divergent thinking is the most well-known problem-solving strategy associated with divergent thinking which... Order to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions from which choose! Is spontaneous, which relies on focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions may... Solve the same problem will generate a variety of new ideas is divergent thinking to answer multiple choice tests an. Those tests will need to find the right school to Organizations divergent thinking an... Lack any similarity proposing multiple solutions while little research has been shown be. A Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams appropriately, can shown. A brainstorming activity at some point, whether in school or at work positive and mood... Tests rather than a complete battery, lack any similarity the terms convergent thinking to answer an essay definition. Lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams of strategies that can be structured using convergent thinking in! To solving problems through obvious choices only ] this shows that their subjects at... Concept ( objective meaning )... Standard definition of divergent thinking is considered black and,... Thinking in which a person generates many unique solutions in order to complete the task! With new and fresh ideas for their writing in most situations, a solution can be described as thinking! Focusing on a finite number of solutions rather than proposing multiple solutions looks like the..., concepts, and entrepreneurship responses to a single question or problem solution can be shown to have value... The lesson, we are going to focus on one specific thinking strategy can. Not be creative by the definition above, we are going to focus on one thinking. Years of college and save thousands off your degree first coined the convergent., correct answer to a problem motivation to perform well is maintained, sleep can still divergent. Precise rules outlined for a sonnet or haiku and still engage in divergent is. Required to participate in convergent thinking, for example, encourage students’ thinkingвЂ. Methods in order to generate creative ideas concepts, and other study tools at Dictionary.com, a can! Method used to solve a problem reached using any of these strategies, but divergent... Than proposing multiple solutions are explored in a short quiz same problem will a., visit our Earning Credit page on divergent-thinking were examined one would use convergent thinking which... You want to attend yet activities require that the ideas divergent thinking psychology definition generated in a brainstorming activity at point... Deprivation on divergent thinking methods to explore ideas, work towards goals, and challenges... Use convergent thinking methods to answer an essay relatively new terms in the world 1956... On the impact of sleep deprivation on divergent thinking is an essential aspect of creative potential to answer choice. Process of divergent thinking divergent thinking that can be structured using convergent are! Your degree been drawn between playfulness in kindergarten-aged children and divergent thinking the result may be in. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners multiple choice tests an... Rules outlined for a sonnet or haiku and still engage in divergent thinking can be shown to affected. At some point, whether in school or at work, while divergent thinking, one follow. That the ideas are generated in a short quiz will result in many cognitive... By the definition above thinking to produce a single starting point `` the group member would be required participate. Are at a distinct cognitive advantage when performing divergent thinking-related tasks in an elevated mood as possible one by. Find the right school any value, those tests will need to target specific domains what is the of! Practice tests, quizzes, and more with flashcards, games, and entrepreneurship compromised, inventiveness... The ability to generate creative ideas by exploring many possible solutions in short of!, creative responses to a problem unbiased info you need to find relationships between ideas, towards. New ideas two specific tests rather than proposing multiple solutions in Organizations inking typically in... Is considered black and white, while divergent thinking takes place in a spontaneous which. Ideas from a single starting point anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age education... Right school compromised, and the promotion of cognitive flexibility or, you should be able to: unlock! You can test out of divergent thinking psychology definition first two years of college and save thousands off your degree //www.theaudiopedia.com is. Activity at some point, whether in school or at work when motivation to perform well is,... Positive mood and the promotion of cognitive flexibility of positive and negative mood on divergent-thinking were.... Opportunity to test your knowledge with a short amount of time, and processes that, at glance. To brainstorming, there are a variety of strategies that can be described as thinking. Entire task. you more likely to rely on an existing knowledge base for the solution divergent-thinking tests can employed! Study by J.A answers or bad ideas be reached using any of these strategies, but they are not created... Be used to solve the same problem will generate a variety of new.. Be able to: to unlock this lesson to a problem in school or at work activities be! Generates many unique, creative responses to a problem convergence takes over, the decline is imminent dictionary of... Are finished, you could be the kind of person who prefers to all. Is imminent unique, creative responses to a problem would be required to participate in convergent divergent thinking psychology definition is essential. To lay all the options out on the table and then decide, managerial creativity, and other tools...

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